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Reconciliation United States Institute of Peace


But if trust, love and intimacy are not restored they have not reconciled as spouses. Similarly, in order to define what is necessary for the reconciliation of parties as members of a moral community , a political community (C. Murphy 2010), or the international community , we might look to the ideals that appropriately define those relationships. In the South African debate, some commentators linked their conception of reconciliation to the moral value of ubuntu . As section 1 explains, the kind of relationship at issue in a specific context affects the type of improvement in relations that might be necessary in order to qualify as reconciliation.

Thirty percent of the Northern Territory was acknowledged to be under aboriginal ownership, as was 20% of South Australia. Aboriginal activists began flying a pan-aboriginal flag to symbolize their unity and right to self-determination. Datarails helps you build data integrity and visibility so that you can see details and descriptions of your financial records for account reconciliation. Intercompany reconciliation is used by parent companies to unify all the accounts and ledgers from their subsidiaries.

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In 1999, the Congress used to pass the Taxpayer Refund and Relief Act of 1999, which represented the first time that the reconciliation process was used to increase deficits without a companion bill that reduced spending. A similar situation happened in 2000, when the Senate again used reconciliation to pass the Marriage Tax Relief Reconciliation Act 2000, which was also vetoed by Clinton. At the time, the use of the reconciliation procedure to pass such bills was controversial.

One cannot say whether they have reconciled without specifying which relationship is in question. Among the things commonly described as reconciled are ideas, narratives, persons, groups, and God. To reconcile yourself to the fact that you have cancer is to live better with the belief that you do. Reconciliation of the divine-human relationship is linked in the Christian tradition to the notion of salvation. This essay concentrates on the uses to which the concept of reconciliation has been put in the treatment of moral and political issues that arise in the aftermath of wrongdoing and conflict between persons and groups. Upon taking office in 2001, Republican President George W. Bush sought the passage of major tax cuts, but his party controlled only a narrow majority in the Senate.

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Some theorists offer accounts of reconciliation designed to cover the repair of a wide range of interpersonal and political relationships, including those among friends, co-workers, and fellow citizens . Such accounts recognize the above variations in relationships, but present a general characterization of categories that can be further specified for relationships of different types. Other theorists restrict their focus to a particular kind of relationship (C. Murphy 2010, May 2011). In speaking of reconciliation, it is important for theorists to specify which of the relationships between two parties is being reconciled. For example, two individuals may be friends, co-workers, co-religionists, fellow citizens, and fellow members of the Kantian Kingdom of Ends, among many other connections. After a dispute at work, two people may reconcile their working relationship but not their friendship. On the other hand, they may decide that the only way to save their friendship is by not working together anymore.

  • In 1967 the Australian federal government took over responsibility for aboriginal affairs, granting citizenship to all aboriginal people and shifting reserve policy from government control to self-determination.
  • But does forgiving entail that he also forswears calling for punishment by the proper authorities, or reparations for the harms he suffered, or his right to remind the wrongdoer and others of the wrong?
  • The National Commission on the Disappearance of Persons documented thousands of human rights violations in its report Nunca Más that was submitted to the president.
  • However, depending on how much victims give up in forgiving, this kind of reconciliation may be purchased at the cost of justice .
  • An alternative emphasis is on people-centered human development which focuses on the quantity of life as seen in the survival of children and their increased life expectancy and the quality of life through education and equal opportunity.

The reconciliation process remained an important tool of congressional majorities even after the passage of the Byrd Rule. Reconciliation is an optional part of the annual congressional budgetary process. Typically, the reconciliation process begins when the president submits a budget to Congress early in the calendar year. In response, each chamber of Congress begins a parallel budget process, starting in the Senate Budget Committee and the House Budget Committee. Each budget committee proposes a budget resolution setting spending targets for the upcoming fiscal year; in order to begin the reconciliation process, each house of Congress must pass identical budget resolutions that contain reconciliation instructions.

Webinar: Fostering Processes of Reconciliation

However, reconciliation can also be used for personal purposes in addition to business purposes. Investment managers maintain multiple copies of the same data throughout their post-trade environment often relying on manual activities to distribute and reconcile internal data movement. The errors should be added, subtracted, or modified on the bank statement balance to reflect the right amount. Once the errors have been identified, the bank should be notified to correct the error on their end and generate an adjusted bank statement.


Sure, there are a number of professionals that can provide expertise in this task, the most obvious being an accountant. If you decide to hire someone to help, make sure they are following GAAP, or have credentials and experience that you trust. However, if you decide to tackle the task on your own you can save a lot of money. Also, if your business is small and you’re just starting Reconciliation out, reconciling your own accounts can be a valuable learning experience. Bank errors don’t occur very often, but if they do, the proper amount needs to be added or subtracted from your account balance, and you should contact the bank immediately to report the error. Restorative justice models also value the active participation of offenders in finding a resolution to wrongdoing .

Commission reports provide a summary of such findings and typically issue recommendations on how to prevent such abuses in the future. These reports vary in the degree to which the proceedings and findings are made public. The South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission, which was marked by a high degree of openness, televised the testimony of many victims and perpetrators. The reconciliation process recognizes the very real American history of abusive law enforcement practices toward minority communities, beginning with slavery. It also respects—without endorsing—the sometimes damaging narratives each side has about the other.


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Proceso valorativo

*La autoevaluación

Es la reflexión y regulación autocrítica que permite que el estudiante autodefina sus metas y logros de aprendizaje; esta evaluación busca que la autoformación se consolide desde una perspectiva ética de valores.

*La coevaluación

Apunta a la participacion colectiva y comunitaria en la valoración de los procesos formativos y aprendizajes generados, se articula con la colaboración y trabjao grupal al interior de los Ed o el Doigdag en las comunidades.

*La heteroevaluación

Se realiza desde los diferentes agentes educativos sobre los procesos contextuales, formativos y funcionales para el logro de los alcances de la educación Wounaan.


El plan de estudios se estructura por doigdag, o niveles en el curso de vida. En el plan de estudios se consideran siete (7) doigdag, cada uno con una duración de dos años. Cada uno de ellos comprende cuatro(4) períodos de seis (6) meses denominado Ed, o fases de enseñanza-aprendizaje. En los doigdag se abordan los diferentes ejes temáticos que articulan los conocimientos propios y los conocimientos ajenos, mediante asignaturas-temáticas cuyos contenidos y subtemas se abordan por Ed. De tal forma y en correspondencia con el ciclo de vida wounaan, se indica el progresión del aprendizaje.

Ciclos del Doigdag

En lo cultural, el doigdag es el nivel de conocimiento y cambio de vida en el tiempo actual de un sujeto wounaan. el doigdag simboliza la pintura facial y corporal en las ceremonias espirituales y festividades y representa el recorrido por el cambio de vida para llegar a Ewandam durr.

Los doigdag también incluyen los grados de la educaciòn oficial por dos años, con lo que se obtiene secuencialmente, continuidad y promociòn entre las asignaturas-temáticas y los contenidos de un grado a otro del mismo nivel. 

Ejes Temáticos

La educaciòn del Wounaan, tiene la intencionalidad política de formar a niños, niñas y jóvenes como sujetos comprendidos con su comunidad. En esa medida, los procesos educativos se centran en el fortalecimiento de la identidad y de la cultura propia.
La tierra es mucho màs que el lugar donde se vive, es nuestra madre, Machh Durr, la que nos da vida; por eso nos ebemos a ella y nuestro compromiso es conservarla y cuidarla
En los procesos educativos Wounaan es una prioridad que nuestros niños, niñas y jóvenes se formen en el reconocimiento y capacidad de gestiòn para la protecciòn de sus derechos.


La base de este Eje es la paropiaciòn y fortalecimiento de la lengua propia y el aprendizaje del español como segunda lengua.
Nuestros jóvenes necesitan aprender conocimientos que les sean útiles para sobrevivir en nuestro medio, como pueden ser pescar, recolectar alimentos o tejer la cestería.

Esferas del conocimiento

Para nosotros el conocimiento no es la informaciòn en si, sino que son los sentidos, es el estimulo, la motivaciòn y el ejercicio de nuestra capacidad para escuchar, observar, hacer, crear y re-crear.
En ese sentido, el curriculo lo concebimos como un lugar de movilizaciòn del conocimiento y sus campos de la cultura propia y la interculturalidad, de la educaciòn y la escuela, de la pedagogia y la didactica.
Este propicia el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje en el contexto mediante la escucha, la observaciòn y el hacer en la práctica comunitaria y pedagógica.